ʡѴҾ
 

 

            ʡѴҾ ͻѡӪҾ 觷ҡѡɾתѵ йٻͧ 㹡кǹѡ͡ʴҹ ͧ¡ԨͧԹҾ͡Թਹ͡ਹ ԹҹзӧҹѺä͹ ӵ ѧ 㹡кǹѡ֧աӵ

            㹹ʡѴҾлСͺ¸ҵ÷繵;ת§硹ҹ ǹ繻ªٻͧô СôԹҧ ͡ҡѧ觡ԭԺ ͡Թ ШԺԹ ԵԹҧԴ觶١Ŵ͡¡ԨͧԹ ҧкǹѡ ѧ 㹡ù֧Ѵǹͨҧҡ ѡɳҨ繼µ;ת

            ªͧʡѴҾ ռŷתաԭԺ ШԹdzͺҡתաҳ 觨ռŵ͡êԹ 㹺dzлŴ¸ҵ÷繻ªѺת ѧ ʡѴҾ֧ѺԹ ¤͡ ѡ Դª٧ش (óŴ  عѹѡ 2544)

            ʡѴҾöͧ͡ѵشԺ㹡üԵ 2
            1. ʡѴҾԵҡת
            2. ʡѴҾԵҡѵ

ѵػʧ
            öӻ¹ѡҾѺªŧѡ

ʴػó
            ʡѴҾԵҡת
            1. ɾתѡ  3  š
            2. ҡӵ͹ӵŷᴧ  1  š
            3. ѧѡһԴͶاʵԡ
            4. մ
            5. ͡Ѵ

鹵͹
            1. ɾתѡ 繪 ѡԴǺӨµǢ
            2. ӡҡӵ͹ӵŷᴧ ҤءҡѺɼѡǤءѵǹ 1 3 ¹˹ѡ
            3. ԴҪзѡʹԷ Ͷ繶اʵԡѴҡا աҡ͡͹ ЪԹѡͧӧҹբ
            4. ѡ㹷 5 - 7 ѹ բͧչӵ͹֧Դ öͧͧ 繻¹ѡҾ¡ "ʡѴҾ"
            5. ¹ѡҾѺתѡ ѡѵ 1 ǹ 500 - 1,000 ǹ ¹仩մµçѺ鹾ת ǹҡ͡ö㹴Թ dzçͧת

Ըա÷ͨԹҵ
            1. ͨԹҵԨҡ͡Ѻô Ѻô ѺôաաӨѴäת ҡ͹˹ҷͨԹ¡ 3 ͹
            2. ͹ͻ͡͡ѺôԴҨҡء ӹǹ 3 ǹ Ѻͺ´ǹ仼Ѻӵ ӹǹ 1 ǹ ӷ 2 ҧҤء ҡѹҧ оǼ ӹǹ 1 ǹ ǹǹҧҪлԴҴ¼ҢǺҧ 7 - 10 ѹ աӵ 仾Ǥҡѹ
            3. ͨԹѡ աաǺҧ硹 ա¡ öҪзԴʹԷ Ҿسͧҹ繻

ʡѴҾҡ (, 2542)

Ըա
            1. ӾاʹҷӡúբҴ
            2. ѡô (formic acid) ͡ôª (Acetic acid) ҳ 3.5
            3. ҡѹ ӵ㹻ҳ 20 ͪ´Ѻ蹤Ǩҡɻ
            4. ҡѹФԴ͡ѹ ҧ 7 ѹ йѧࡵ اա͡ͺ ӡѡա 21 ѹ ҧӡä繤駤 ѡ»ҶҨ»ҷդسҾС蹷

Ը
            ѵ 10 - 15 ի մ蹷ҧ㺷ء 15 ѹ ô⤹㹻ҳ 25 - 30 ի/

ѡҾҡ (  ͡,2541,2543)

ʴػó
            1.
            2. תʴ͹ -
            3. ӵ
            4. ѧѡսһԴ Ҵ 30 Ե 200 Ե
            5. ͨԹҵ

            Ըշ 1  ÷ӹѡҾҡ駵Ǿ͡
            ӵ駵ҷغͺ´ ͡йӨҡ й仼Ѻӵ й˹ѡͨԹҵ ѵ 3:3:1 ҡѹ й仺è㹶ѧѡҴ 30 Ե 200 Ե Դҡ Ҩҡѹҡա觪 ѧա ա ӵ ФҡѹҨ ҧ仨ҨԴ繺˹Ңͧѡ 繤ԺѺ˹ҹѡѧ ҧҨо յ˹͹º˹ кdzҧѧҪкè ͨҵ˹͹ѧǵ˭ е ҹѡ駵鹢ǹá繹ѡҾ ö͹仾ѲҼѺ¹ ª
           
Ըշ 2  ÷ӹѡҾҡ оתʴ
            Ըաù繼ѡ ͧ¡ʴЪԴ ѵǹѧ ͡ ҧ : : ת͹ ѵ 3:3:5 - 6:2:3 բѧࡵ§ա§ ҡաӵ йѡͨԹҵ鹨Ҩա ҹҹ˹§ ѡɳм˹ҢͧѡǡѺ÷ӹѡͨԹҵ

ѵҡ
            תع ѵ 1:500 - 1,000 ͻҳ 20 ի / 20 Ե ö 7 - 10 ѹ ѺԴ ǧԭԺⵢͧЪԴת